Om Sham Shanaishcharaye Namah, Oṃ Shanaye Namaḥ
Shani is is a son of Surya Devta. He is generally depicted in dark complexion, clothed in black. Shri Shani Mahatmya describes the story of Shani’s life. Shani Maharaj is a great devotee of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. In Sanskrit Shani is called Sanischara, which means, “slow mover”. Shani spends 2.5 years (Dhaiya) in each rashi. When we add the 2.5 years in previous and 2.5 years in next rashi together, the time period of 7.5 years is called Saadesaati, and the person faces challenging time during the period.
Shani is also known as Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर). The word shani also denotes the seventh day or Saturday in most Indian languages.
ऊँ नीलांजनसमाभासं रविपुत्रं यमाग्रजम्।
छायामार्तण्डसम्भूतं तं नमामि शनैश्चरम्।।
Om Nilaanjana Samaabhasam, Ravi Putram Yamagrajam.
Cahaya Martanda Samhubhutam, Tama Namami Shanescharam
The meaning of mantra:
One who is dark/black in color, the son of Sun, born to Chhaya and brother of Yama Deva, who moves very slowly, I pray/bow to God Shani Deva.
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